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Political System of Kazakhstan

The Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan provides for a democratic, secular and presidential system of rule. State governance is divided between executive, legislative and judicial branches. President is a head of state.

On May 21, 2007 President of Kazakhstan signed a Law amending the Constitution. These changes enlarge the power of the Parliament, enhance the role of political parties, thus transforming Kazakhstan from presidential into presidential-parliamentary republic.

Head of State:President Nursultan A. Nazarbayev.

The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan determines the main directions of the domestic and foreign policy of the state and represents Kazakhstan within the country and in international relations.

The President of the Republic is the guarantor of the unity of the people and the state power, inviolability of the Constitution, rights and freedoms of an individual and citizen.

Legislative Branch: Kazakhstan has a bicameral Parliament, which consists of the Senate (the upper house) and Majilis (House of Representative).

Web-site: http://www.parlam.kz/

The 47-member Senate is made up of two elected representatives from each of Kazakhstan's 14 regions, cities of Astana and Almaty. Representatives serve terms of two, four or six years. Several members of the Senate represent the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan. The Senate is empowered to adopt laws in the period of temporal absence of the Majilis or due to termination of its tenure.Chairman of the Senate Mr. Kassym Jomart Tokayev.
Majilis. 98 members of the Majilis are elected in accordance with the proportional electoral system (party lists), 9 – by the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan in order to take into account the interests of the major ethnic groups. Deputies of Majilis serve a term of six years. Chairman of the Majilis Mr.Aslan Mussin.

Government is the supreme executive body of Kazakhstan. Prime-Minister, head of the Government, is appointed by the President after consultations with political fractions of the Parliament and upon approval by the majority of the members of the Mazhilis. The Prime-Minister shall represent the political party having majority in the Parliament.

Composition of the Government is as follows (as for July 2008)
Mr. Karim Massimov - prime minister
Mr. Omyrzak Shukeyev - first deputy prime minister (indusrty)
Mr. Yerbol Orynbayev - deputy prime minister (macroeconomics, human capital)
Mr. Serik Akhmetov - deputy prime minister (transport, housing and communal services)
Mr. Danial Akhmetov - minister of defence 
Mr. Marat Tazhin - minister of foreign affairs 
Mr. Vladimir Bozhko - minister of emergency situations 
Mr. Baurzhan Mukhamedzhanov – minister of interior 
Mr. Akylbek Kurishbayev - minister of agriculture
Mrs. Zagipa Balieva - minister of justice
Mr. Jaksylyk Doskaliyev - minister for public health care
Mr. Gulshara Abdykhalykova - minister of labour and social protection 
Mr. Abilgazy Kussainov - minister of transport and communication
Mr. Bolat Zhamishev – minister of finance
Mr. Bakhyt Sultanov - minister of economy and budget planning
Mr. Nurgali Ashimov - minister of environment protection
Mr. Mukhtar Kul-Mukhammed - minister of culture and information
Mr. Temirkhan Dosmukhanbetov - minister for tourism and sport
Mr. Sauat Mynbayev - minister for energy and mineral resources minister
Mr. Vladimir Shkol'nik - minister of industry and trade
Mr. Zhanseit Tuimebayev - minister of education and science

Judicial branch:

The legal system of Kazakhstan owes its origin to the Continental (Roman-German) legal family. The Constitution, respective normative legal acts, international treaties, as well as the normative resolutions of the Constitutional Council, and Supreme Court of Kazakhstan constitute the actual law in Kazakhstan. The international treaties ratified by Kazakhstan generally have priority over its laws and, such treaties can either apply directly/automatically, or, after the adoption of a law where the treaty itself provides that, for its application, a law must be adopted.

Web-site: http://www.supcourt.kz/

Judicial functions are exercised only by courts of law. Judicial functions are exercised by application of civil, criminal and other forms of judicial proceedings as established by law. The courts of the Republic are as follows: the Supreme Court and local courts of law of the Republic.

Arbitration mechanisms exist in Kazakhstan. In December 2004 Kazakhstan has adopted Laws “On international commercial arbitrage” and “On courts of arbitration” to provide alternative dispute resolution mechanisms.

The Head of the Supreme Court is Mr. Kairat Mami.

Constitutional Council has a major role in considering disputes on conducting elections. The Council examines the conformity of the laws to the Constitution.
It provides with official interpretation of the Constitutional norms; drwas the conclusions of the observance of the established constitutional proceedings.
The Head of Constitutional Council Mr. Igor Rogov.